How Iran Changed: from 1905 to 2010

In the past 100 years, Iran has changed a lot. The official and unofficial statistics and data, besides what the old people said about the past 100 years, can create a big picture of how Iran changed in the past years. We have used the statistics and date of the UN, (UNHDR, Unisef, etc), World Bank, Iran Amar (Statistics) Center, Journalistic data/statistics, Well-known writers/intellects’ data and estimations, etc for drawing an acceptable big picture. This big picture, is a pig picture, not precise and detailed picture, but can show us how Iran has reached to its current situation. The five important milestones in Iran’s history are: (1) 1905: near “the Constitutional Revolution” (2) 1953: after the Oil Nationalization Movement, and before the CIA-MI6 coup in Iran (3)1978: near the Islamic Revolution (4) 1997: near the Islamic Reform Movement (4) 2010: After the Khamenei’s coup, and before the Iranian Revolution for establishing a “Secular and Democratic Republic”:

1905 1953 1978 1997 2010
Population (million) 10 20 35 65 75
Literacy rate (T) 1% 10% 40% 80% 85%
Literacy rate (F) ~ 0% 1% 15% 70% 85%
Literacy rate (Y) 1% 10% 50% 85% 95%
Middle Class (R) ~0% ~5% 15% 55% 70%
Poor/Low Class (R) 95% 85% 75% 35% 20%
Urban Population (R) 5% 15% 30% 60% 75%
near Poverty Line (R) 95% 85% 70% 50% 50%
University-educated Adults 0% 1% 3% 10% 30%
University Students sH tT hT 3~4 million 4~5 million
Inflation rate 2~3 % 5% 20% 40%
Dollar Exchange rate ~ 2 ~ 5 70 8000 12000
40 liter Petrol (price) $1 $4 $35
Number of Cars 0 tT hT 6~7 million ~20 million
Average Salary $100 $200 $2000 $4500 $12K
Average Price (Car) $1500 $6000 $15K
Average Price (House) $13K $50K $500K
Islamists’ Population (R) 99% 90% 80% 40% 10%
Monarchists’ Population (R) 80% 60% 20% 2% 1%
under Mullahs’ influence (R) 99% 95% 90% 20% 5%
Life Expectancy (year) 40 45 55 65 70
Employed Women (R) 0% ~1% ~5% 35% 60%
University Educated Girls (R) 0% ~1% ~5% 65% 75%
Infant mortality rate 30% 15% 2% 0.006% 0.003%
Fertility (children/family)+ 12 10 6 3 1.5
Television audiences (R) 0% ~0% 20% 90% 99%
Liar/Hypocrite Adults (R) 90% 90% 85% 90% 90%
Embezzler/Corrupt Adult (R) 70% 70% 70% 70% 75%
Jealous Adults (R) 90% 90% 85% 90% 90%
Drug addicts/users (R) 75% 65% 30% 25% 25%
Nosy Adults (R) 90% 90% 90% 90% 90%
Flatterer Adults (R) 90% 80% 80% 80% 80%
Fake Intellectuals (R) 90% 90% 90% 90% 90%
Charlatan Journalists (R) 80% 90% 90% 90% 95%
Music listeners/lovers (R) 1% 5% 35% 70% 90%
having Boy/Girlfriend (R) ~0% ~1% ~5% 20% 80%
Marriage age (year) 15 ~17 21 26 30
Marriage age (F) (year) 11 14 16 22 27
Divorce rate (R) ~1% ~2% ~6% 30% 60%
Child Literacy rate (T) ~1% 5% 65% 95% 99%
Child Literacy rate (F) ~0% 1% 35% 95% 99%
Atheists (R) 0% ~0% 1% 5% 10%
Agnostics (R) ~0% 1% 3% 10% 20%
Religious Fanatics (R) 99% 90% 75% 25% 5%
Cinema Goers (R)* 0% 10% 35% 10% 1%
National Films’ lovers (R)* 0% 35% 20% 10% 1%
Film lovers (R) 0% 10% 20% 50% 80%
Travelers to Mecca (P/A) 90%/ ~0% 90%/1% 90%/2% 50%/5% 30%/ 3%
Travelers to Iraq (P/A) 90%/ ~0% 90%/ 1% 90% /5% 50%/ 0% 25%/ 3%
Travelers to NIC (P/A) 0%/ 0% 0%/ 0% 5%/ ~0% 50%/ 1% 90%/ 5%
Internet users (R) 1% 70%
Tel /Cell phone users (R) 1% 50% 90%
Satellite TV users (R) 0% 10% 80%
Access to Electricity (R) 1% 25% 80% 95%
Visa-Free counties ++ ~70 ~5 ~10

R = rate, F= female, Y= Youth, T= Total, sH= some Hundreds, tT= tens of Thousands, hT= hundreds of Thousands, NIC= Non-Islamic Countries, P/A= Potential rate/ Actual rate (i.e. the potential rate of the people who love to travel to X, and the actual rate of the people who succeed in travel to X. In the recent decades, the visa and getting visa is a serious obstacle for Iranian travelers)

(+) : the average number of children per family (*): After the Islamic revolution, especially in the 1980s and in the recent years, the number of Iranian cinema goers have decreased seriously, and the reason is so obvious: “Islamic censorship and low quality movies” (++) : The number of countries that Iranian can go without visa. In 1978, Iranians could go to the Europe and many other countries without visa, and getting visa of almost all counties was very very easy. But in the recent years/decades, the Iranian passport is among the most disgraced and discredited passports.

In the above table ‘Adults’ means the people aged 25 and over.

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