In the recent days, Sudanese dictator, Omar al-Bashir, has said for the first time that he accepts full personal responsibility for the conflict in Darfur that left hundreds of thousands of people dead. The UN estimates up to 300,000 people died and about 2.7 million were internally displaced as a result of fighting between Bashir’s dogs and their Janjaweed militia allies, i.e. Bashir’s thugs, and the separatist rebel groups in Darfur that peaked in 2003-4. Bashir’s dogs say about 10,000 people died and about 70,000 were displaced. An international outcry prompted a UN investigation that led the security council to refer the case to the ICC in 2005. In March 2009 Bashir became the first serving head of state to be indicted by the ICC, on seven counts of crimes against humanity and war crimes Bashir denies all the charges and has refused to surrender to the court. John Prendergast, co-founder of the Enough Project, a leading anti-genocide pressure group based in Washington, dismissed Bashir’s justification of his policy in Darfur. “In my eight trips to Darfur since 2003, the overwhelming evidence demonstrates that a government-sponsored counter-insurgency targeted non-Arab civilian populations by destroying their dwellings, their food stocks, their livestock, their water sources and anything else that would sustain life in Darfur. Three million people have been rendered homeless as a direct result of government policy, not tribal fighting or global warming. ” Prendergast said. Turning to Libya, Bashir criticised the US, Britain and France for their military intervention !!, saying their motives were questionable and their actions risked destabilising Sudan !!! and the wider region !!! Asked how the “Arab spring” uprisings might affect Sudan, where Arabic speakers comprise a large majority of the northern population, Bashir said the small protests calling for increased democracy lacked broad support. “It will not have an impact like what happened in Egypt, Tunisia or even Libya, I don’t think so.” A reform process was already underway !!!! he said.
Darfur is the western part of Sudan, and in the Sudanese referendum of January 2011, the oil-producing south voted to separate from the north. The referendum was promised in a 2005 peace deal that ended decades of civil war in Sudan, but the region has been beset by violence and insecurity since the poll. But Darfur is still part of the territory of Sudan’s dictator. In the recent weeks, the southern army is at war with at least seven rebel militia, and traditional tribal clashes have intensified with the onset of the rainy season, according to the UN, which said more than 800 people have been killed there this year. Analysts have warned that the south risks becoming a failed state and destabilising the region if it cannot control the crisis, with tens of thousands of people displaced by the conflicts affecting nine of its 10 states, the UN said. On Saturday, the army clashed with forces loyal to renegade army commander Gabriel Tang during what was meant to be the reintegration of his forces into southern Sudan’s army, Both said. “We understand that on the side of [Tang’s forces], 55 were killed including five of his generals,” Both told Reuters, saying his information had come from the army. “We don’t have reports of those killed from the army and civilian sides, but the [overall] death toll must be much higher,” he said, adding that the state capital, Malakal, had received 34 wounded soldiers and 43 injured civilians. The clashes happened south of Malakal, just across the border in Jonglei state, Both said. In the neighbouring Unity state, renegade army officer Peter Gadet this week began a sustained assault against army forces, with at least 45 people killed so far, officials said. The southern government accuses the north of sponsoring the militia groups fighting the army. Bashir, the brutal Sudanese dictator is the main problem of Sudan, and when he has the power and refuse to surrender to the court, Sudan would have many serious problems.