Women’s Hejab (Islamic veil) in Iran

April 19, 2011

Women’s Hejab, or the Islamic veil, has a long story in Iran. After Arabs invaded Iran, they imposed Islamic veil on Iranian women. In the Islamic Middle Age in Iran, i.e. form 9th century AD until now, Iranian women have had Hejab. But before Reza Shah period, Iranian women had a very reactionary Islamic veil, a full-face veil, that was an Arabian tradition. In fact, Arabs imposed their reactionary traditions on Iranians. Reza Shah changed the situation, by using the external pressure ! But what Reza Shad did, had not serious long-term effect, because it was a result of external pressure rather than internal intention or internally-perceived opportunities. The historical Islamic dress code in Iran imposed the following Islamic dress on Iranian women: Chador : the tent-like black veil that covers the woman’s body, form the head to the toe. It’s very like the dress of a Nun. The only part of the woman’s body that you can see is her face.Burqa : a combination of Chador + a full-face veil. A full-face veil is like a full-face mask, and with Borghe you can not see any parts of woman’s body, even her face ! Manteau : a modern combination of head scarf + Manteau, that is considered more secular, and is the least Islamic dress.

iranian-hejab.jpg

In Iran we have two special terms that are related to Hejab: 1-“Bad Hejab“: A woman that her hejab is considered bad by the Islamist! she has a very loose head scarf and/or a very short or tight manteau. In fact, she protests to the compulsory Hejab. 2-“Bi-Hejab“: A woman without any hejab (Islamic veil). In 1980s and early 1990s, the term Bi-Hejab was used for Bad Hejab women ! One of the most interesting miracle of Islamic revolution is that the rate of potentially Bi-Hejab women has increased significantly. Before the Islamic revolution Bi-Hejab women or potentially Bi-Hejab were really rare. But in the recent years, the rate of potentially Bi-Hejab has increased, and now more than 50% of Iranian women, especially women under the age 35, are potentially Bi-Hejab. Lets take a look at the past 100 years, and what has happened to Hejab or the Islamic veil in Iran.

. Burqa Chador Manteau Bad Hejab Bi-Hejab (potential) Bi-Hejab (real)
1910 90% 10% 0 % 0 % 0 % 0 %
1935 50% 25% 0 % 0 % 0 % 25 %
1975 5 % 75% 0 % 0 % 0 % 20 %
1985 1 % 97% 2 % 1 % 1 % 0 %
1990 0 % 90% 10 % 3 % 2 % 0 %
2000 0 % 60% 40 % 10 % 5 % 0 %
2010 0 % 20% 80 % 50 % 50 % 0 %

In the recent days, France has banned Burqa . But in Iran, Burqa was abolished in the Reza Shah era, and certainly it was one of the good results of that era. The full-face veil is very very reactionary, and even in Iran, the full-face veil was considered very reactionary. Now just some hundreds women in the southern Iran, i.e. Arab areas, wear Burqa . Chador is at its end, too. Iranian women seek their equal rights, and it means the equality in choosing the dress . After 100 years, now the Iranian women are ready to say goodbye to Hejab, or the Islamic veil, without any external pressure. In fact, from Burqa to Bi-Hejab was a long road, full of martyrs and tortures. And under these conditions the story of Ana Pastor and Mr. shit becomes more understandable. But now we have reached to the end of the long road. Now saying goodbye to Hejab, or the Islamic veil, is the choice of Iranian women, and it’s a serious sign of the end of Islamic Middle Age in Iran


The Secrets of Camp Ashraf

April 19, 2011

The Rajavi’s Cult, that has different name like PMOI, MKO, NCR, etc, is really worse than Khamenei’s regime. The ex-Mujahedeen, i.e. Rajavi’s Cult defectors, have a lot of interesting stories about PMOI, but now lets take a look at a report of a western journalist about Camp Ashraf. ELIZABETH RUBIN visited Camp Ashraf in 2003, some months after the fall of Saddam. ELIZABETH RUBIN’s article about The Cult of Rajavi says: “After the parade of testimonials in Camp Ashraf, I was whisked onto a tank for a spin around the training ring. I had heard that the Mujahedeen must take a vow of ”eternal divorce,” that the young ones can never marry or have children and that the older ones had to divorce their spouses … I asked Sima, a woman in her late 20’s, whether she ever regretted making that celibacy commitment . ”When I feel that I’m getting closer to my goal,” she shouted in English against the wind, ”it’s a more beautiful feeling than anything else. It’s love (!).” … Sima said that whenever she lapsed into the ”normal girl dreams” of marriage and children, she looked around her and said she felt proud(!)… Though Maryam Rajavi spends most of her time in France or lobbying in the West, her smiling green eyes stalk Camp Ashraf almost as ubiquitously as the image of Saddam in Iraq or Khomeini in Iran . Her photographs in flowery blouses grace bedsides, dining tables, lecture halls and even tanks …Most of the girls I was meeting had grown up in Mujahedeen schools in Ashraf, where they lived separated from their parents… From the day they were born, these girls and boys were not taught to think for themselves but to blindly follow their leaders. ”Every morning and night, the kids, beginning as young as 1 and 2, had to stand before a poster of Massoud and Maryam, salute them and shout praises to them,” Nadereh Afshari, a former Mujahedeen deep-believer, told me. Afshari, who was posted in Germany and was responsible for receiving Mujahedeen children during the gulf war, said that when the German government tried to absorb Mujahedeen children into their education system, the Mujahedeen refused (!!) Many of the children were sent to Mujahedeen schools, particularly in France … Despite its rhetoric, the Mujahedeen operates like any other dictatorship. Mujahedeen members have no access to newspapers or radio or television, other than what is fed them . As the historian Abrahamian told me, ”No one can criticize Rajavi.” And everyone must go through routine self-criticism sessions. ”It’s all done on tape, so they have records of what you say. If there’s sign of resistance, you’re considered not revolutionary enough, and you need more ideological training. Either people break away or succumb.”

ELIZABETH RUBIN Added :”Afshari, who fled the group 10 years ago, told me how friendship was forbidden. No two people could sit alone and talk together, especially about their former lives. Informants were planted everywhere. It was Maryam’s idea to kill emotional relationships. ”She called it ‘drying the base,”’ Afshari said. ”They kept telling us every one of your emotions should be channeled toward Massoud !! , and Massoud equals leadership, and leadership equals Iran !!!’ The segregation of the s-e-x-es began almost from toddler hood. ”Girls were not allowed to speak to boys. If they were caught mingling, they were severely punished .” Though Maryam and Massoud finagled it so they could be together, they forced everyone else into celibacy. ‘They told us, ‘We are at war, and soldiers cannot have wives and husbands,”’ Afshari said. ”You had to report every single day and confess your thoughts and dreams. They made men say they got erections when they smelled the perfume of a woman !!” Men and women had to participate in ”weekly ideological cleansings,” in which they would publicly confess their s-e-x-u-a-l desires !! It was not only a form of control but also a means to delete all remnants of individual thought !! … In the chaotic days after the fall of Baghdad, several Mujahedeen members managed to flee the military camps and were in Kurdish custody in northern Iraq. Kurdish officials told me they weren’t sure what to do with them. One was Mohammad, a gaunt 19-year-old Iranian from Tehran with sad chestnut eyes … A Mujahedeen recruiter spotted him and a friend sleeping on the streets, so hungry they couldn’t think anymore. The recruiter gave them a bed and food for the night, and the next day showed them videos of the Mujahedeen struggle. He enticed them to join with an offer to earn money in Iraq while simultaneously fighting the cruel Iranian regime. What’s more, he said, you can marry Mujahedeen girls and start your own family … The first month at Ashraf, he said, wasn’t so bad. Then came the indoctrination in the reception department and the weird self-criticism sessions. He quickly realized there would be no wives, no pay, no communication with his parents, no friendships, no freedom. The place was a nightmare, and he wanted out. But there was no leaving. When he refused to pledge the oath to struggle forever, he was subjected to relentless psychological pressure. One night, he couldn’t take it anymore. He swallowed 80 diazepam pills. His friend, he said, slit his wrists. The friend died, but to Mohammad’s chagrin, he woke up in a solitary room. After days of intense prodding to embrace the Mujahedeen way, he finally relented to the oath. He trundled along numbly until the Americans invaded Iraq, when he and another friend managed to slip out into the desert. They were helped out by Arabs, and then turned themselves over to the Kurds, hoping for mercy. Mohammad fell ill, and the next thing he knew he was in prison. ”The Mujahedeen has a good appearance to the outside world, but anyone who has lived among them knows how rotten and dirty they are,” he said

ELIZABETH RUBIN Added : “Until the US invaded Iraq in March 2003, PMOI survived for two decades under the patronage of Saddam Hussein. He gave the group money, weapons, jeeps and military bases along the Iran-Iraq border, a convenient launching ground for its attacks against Iranian government figures … When U.S. forces toppled Saddam’s regime, they were not sure how to handle the army of some 5,000 PMOI fighters… PMOI has a sophisticated lobbying apparatus, and it has exploited the notion of female soldiers fighting the Islamic clerical rulers in Tehran to garner the support of dozens in Congress. But the group is also on the State Department’s list of foreign terrorist organizations… With the fall of Saddam and with a wave of antigovernment demonstrations across Iran last month, PMOI suddenly found itself thrown into the middle of Washington’s foreign-policy battles over what to do about Iran … Recently, I went to visit Camp Ashraf, the main PMOI base, which lies some 65 miles north of Baghdad in Diala province, near the Iranian border. Ashraf is 14 square miles … As you pass the checkpoints and dragons’-teeth tire crunchers into the tidy military town, you feel you’ve entered a fictional world of female worker bees … The Mujahedeen, their U.S. supporters say, has provided the US with key intelligence on Iran’s nuclear program. One Congressional staff member working close to the issue said that there was a national security directive circulating ”that includes a proposal for limited surgical strikes against the Iranian regime’s nuclear facilities. We would be remiss if we did not use the Mujahedeen to identify exactly what the Iranians have and in the longer term, to facilitate regime change.” Meanwhile, inside Iran, the street protesters risking their lives and disappearing inside the regime’s prisons consider the Mujahedeen a plagueas, as toxic, if not more so, than the ruling clerics . After all, the Rajavis sold out their fellow Iranians to Saddam Hussein, trading intelligence about their home country for a place to house their Marxist-Islamist Rajavi sect … The Pentagon has seen the fatal flaw of hitching itself to volatile groups like the Islamists who fought the Soviets in Afghanistan and, more recently, the Iraqi exile groups who had no popular base at home. It seems dangerously myopic that the U.S. is even considering resurrecting the Rajavis and their army of Stepford wives .”

Now, we should repeat an obvious fact again: Please do not like to the websites of Mujahedeen.